This article was adapted from The Red Star, a national magazine published by the Communist Party of Nepal-Maoist.
There are four full-fledged communes operating at present in Nepal. They were established by the people under the direct leadership of the Communist Party of Nepal-Maoist. Two of these communes are located in the Rolpa district that served as a forefront of the Maoists' struggle for over 10 years.
The biggest among the four communes is Ajambari, located in Thawang, Rolpa. It was built after villagers were forced to flee their communities due to intense militarization by the Royal Nepal Army (RNA) forces. After Red fighters of the People's Liberation Army (PLA) victoriously thwarted the RNA, the villagers established the communes to strengthen their community.
The second commune is located in Jaljala, Rolpa. The third commune called "Juni" was formed in 1998 in Jajarkot district in western Nepal. It was established with the goal of protecting the welfare of families victimized by militarization, massacres and other human rights abuses perpetrated by the toppled monarchy. The fourth commune is in Balidum, Rukum district. These areas are bastions of the PLA.
Every community member actively participates in the production work of the communes, even as they strive to address all the needs of its members. With the help of the Red guerrillas, schools, hospitals, banks and other social service institutions have already been built. Other communes, on the other hand, have seen the rise of hotels and restaurants.
Adult commune members work in the farms, with some assigned to care for children and the elderly. Centralized production is employed to ensure proper and sufficient distribution among commune members, especially in the face of the global food and oil crisis. Additionally, as testament to the communes' successful operations, they can now produce their own soap, confectionery, shoes, biscuits and pashmina shawls.
Members of the commune come from different sectors and social classes. People from various national minorities and castes live in freedom and democracy. Equal rights are enjoyed by both men and women, a remarkable leap from the backward practices of the feudal system. Old traditions and superstitions— remnants of the old system—are gradually being eliminated.
Apart from the four full-blown communes in Nepal today, there also exist over 50 cooperative communes in the country.
The commune system's superiority over the old feudal system in the field of production and distribution of the fruits of production has been proven in years of existence. Centralized production has resulted in increased production for the community. Each member enjoys access to the commune's resources, with the efficient distribution of the fruits of the members' collective labor. It is evident that the living standards of the people have been vastly improved under the commune system. ~